Pakpattan District (Urdu: ضِلع پاکپتّن), is a district of Punjab Province in Pakistan, Pakpattan is the district capital. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, it had a population of 1,286,680 of which 14% were urban. It has since risen to 1,563,000.
Pakpattan is the city of the great Saint Baba Farid of Chisti. Word Pakpattan is consist of two words “pak” and “pattan” meaning “clean dockland” (Pattan means a dockland or place where ships or boats stop). The city is given this name by Saint Baba Farid. It is said, once Saint Farid having ablution on the bank of the River Sutlej. One local man told the Saint that this water is unclean and place is dirty then Saint Farid replied to him “no its clean water and place’ in local language “Pak Pattan’.
Pakpattan District was agricultural region with forests during the Indus Valley Civilization. The Vedic period is characterized by Indo-Aryan culture that invaded from Central Asia and settled inPunjab region. The Kambojas, Daradas, Kaikayas, Madras, Pauravas, Yaudheyas, Malavas and Kurus invaded, settled and ruled ancient Punjab region. After overunning the Achaemenid Empirein 331 BCE, Alexander marched into present-day Punjab region with an army of 50,000. The Pakpattan was ruled by Maurya Empire, Indo-Greek kingdom, Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire, White Huns, Kushano-Hephthalites and Shahi kingdoms.
In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region.
After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Pakpattan District. The Muslims faced severe restrictions during the Sikh rule. During the period of British rule, Pakpattan district increased in population and importance.
The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while theMuslim refugees from India settled in the Pakpattan District. The main reason of famicity of this city is due to Hazzrat Baba Farid(Rehmullah).Basically He is the man who made ajodhan into Pakpattan.Before his arrival to pakpattan,there were at least 3o thousand Hindus and Sikhs in pakpattan.He came to Pakpattan on the orders of his murshad hazrat qutbuddin Bakhtiar kaki(Rehmullah) for preaching of islam.He gave the same message which was given by the last prophet of Allah.Its was his kindness and the true way of Nabi kareem that he made the whole city as a Muslim city named of Pakpattan and now we see no Sikh and Hindu here in the city.He is the true friend Of ALLAH because he truly followed the orders of Allah and Last Prophet.
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