Introduction: Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences PIEAS Islamabad
The institute is situated on Lehtrar Road, in the vicinity of a small village, Nilore, which falls within the district limits of Islamabad.
The campus of the institute is spread over an area of about 150 acres. It is a residential campus and all students stay in the hostels at the institute. It comprises of nine academic blocks, four workshops, plants for production of liquid nitrogen and oxygen, twenty seven laboratories, lecture halls, conference rooms, a 400-seat auditorium, four hostel blocks, cafeteria, indoor and outdoor sports facilities, a rest-house, and houses for the faculty and staff of the institute.
The institute has a strong faculty of highly qualified scientists, engineers in the diverse fields of physical sciences, engineering and medicine. The total strength of the full-time faculty at present is 90, representing a wide variety of academic disciplines. The nature of work here is so inter-disciplinary that it becomes rather difficult to categorize the individuals according to conventional academic disciplines. However, if the basic degree is used as the criterion for categorization, about half of them are from the physical sciences; Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry and Computer Science. The other half have basic engineering degrees in Electronics, Electrical, Mechanical, Chemical Engineering and Metallurgy. The faculty also includes medical doctors and biologists. More than half of the faculty members have Ph.D. degrees from the renowned universities of USA, UK, Germany, France and Japan. About half a dozen are currently working for Ph.D. degree either at the institute or abroad. The minimum qualification for a faculty position at the institute is an M.Sc. in engineering, an M. Phil. degree in physical sciences or an equivalent post-graduate degree. The young faculty members are expected to undertake Ph.D. studies in a phased programme.
Academic & Technical Facilities
The most important component of the academic facilities at the institute is the computational and experimental laboratories of the institute. The laboratories facilitate the basic training of the students in computational and experimental skills. The research and development work of the students and the faculty is also supported by the laboratory facilities. The current major areas of academic and technical activities at the institute are; Computer and Control Systems, Applied Electronics, Applied Mathematics & Numerical Analysis, Analytical Chemistry, Nuclear Engineering, Materials Science & Materials Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Radiation Physics, Optics & Laser Physics, and Nuclear Medicine. Some of the major technical facilities at the institute are:
It is used for diagnosis of a number of disorders in human beings. It is the only modality, which images the function of an organ or a system of the body. A radio-pharmaceutical is injected into the patient who is, then, imaged by gamma camera. A nuclear physician analyzes anatomical and functional parameters of the image and the information is passed on to the physician or surgeon. The gamma camera unit at the Institute is capable of performing almost all the procedures of nuclear medicine, including SPECT.
Atomic absorption system is currently the most widely used technique for trace elemental analysis. Examples of its use include lead in blood, aluminium in water, mercury in fish, etc. The system at our institute is automated with an IBM computer providing instrument control, data processing and control of optional accessories like graphite tube atomizer. The monochromator has a wavelength range of 190-900 nano-meter. At present this facility can be used to measure about 60 elements with detection limits ranging from parts-per-million to parts-per-billion levels.
The institute has a 27 kW under-moderated tank-in-pool type Nuclear Reactor for training and research. It uses highly enriched uranium as fuel, light water as moderator and coolant, and metallic beryllium as reflector. The reactor is controlled by one centrally located cadmium control rod. It is used for neutron activation analysis, radioisotope production and training of manpower.
The pressurized water reactor power plant simulator was developed indigenously. It is used to provide the students and trainees hands-on experience of reactor operation. It is also used for study and analysis of transients encountered in the actual power plant operation.
The institute has round the clock computing facilities for its students and faculty members. Most of the campus is connected through the local area network. Computer users can access high speed computing machines, internet and e-mail all the time and can even store about 128 MB data on different servers. Laser printing is available throughout the campus and is controlled by the servers
It has a holding of more than 15000 books and it also subscribes to both technical and academic journals. In addition to this, access is available to one of the best libraries in Pakistan.
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