Written Test for the posts of Assistant Registrar/Assistant Treasurer/Assistant Controller to be held on 15.09.2013 – University of the Punjab Lahore

Written Test for the posts of Assistant Registrar/Assistant Treasurer/Assistant Controller to be held on 15.09.2013 – University of the Punjab Lahore

The written test for the post of Assistant Registrar/Assistant Treasurer/Assistant Controller scheduled to be held on 31st August 2013 has been postponed and now will be held on Sunday, 15th September 2013.
SYLLABUS OF WRITTEN EXAMINATION
FOR THE POSTS OF ASSISTANT REGISTRAR/
ASSISTANT CONTROLLER/ ASSISTANT TREASURER
(Advt. last dates: 04.09.2009 & 31.07.2012)
Syllabus for Written Examination (100 Marks)
1.
General Knowledge
2.
Current Affairs
3.
University Calendar
4.
Precise Writing
5.
ESTA Code
The passing marks are 50% in aggregate of said written portion of examination.
0.50 marks or more will be rounded to 1.0.
Only those candidates, who qualify the written examination, will be called for interview.

Prof. Dr. Aurangzeb Alamgir
Additional Registrar-I

Revised M.B.B.S. Annual Examinations 2013 – University of the Punjab Lahore

Revised M.B.B.S. Annual Examinations 2013 – University of the Punjab Lahore

It is hereby notified that the Admission Forms & Fee for following M.B.B.S. Examinations will be received according to the schedule given below:-

NAME OF EXAMINATION
LAST DATE FOR RECEIPT OF ADMISSION FORMS
With Single Fee.
With Double Fee.
First Professional Part-I, M.B.B.S. Annual Examination, 2013 03.09.2013 16.09.2013
First Professional Part-II, M.B.B.S. Annual Examination, 2013  10.09.2013 19.09.2013
Second Professional, M.B.B.S. 
Annual Examination, 2013
03.09.2013 16.09.2013
Third Professional, M.B.B.S. 
Annual Examination, 2013
12.09.2013
20.09.2013
Final Professional, M.B.B.S. 
Annual Examination, 2013
 22.10.2013
29.10.2013
NOTE: – No Admission Form will be accepted after the last date fixed for receipt of admission for

NOAA Bets Forecasting Success on Supercomputers (watch video report)

NOAA Bets Forecasting Success on Supercomputers (watch video report)

COLLEGE PARK, MARYLAND — Early fall, as hurricane season begins, is the time when many Americans start to closely follow weather reports.

Because predicting the strength and movement of huge storm systems that bring destruction and death is of crucial importance, meteorologists at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) have invested in supercomputers that allow for better predictions up to as six days in advance of a storm’s arrival.

Hurricane Sandy, which hit the U.S. East Coast in October last year, was the second costliest storm in U.S. history — causing widespread damage and killing 285 people. At the time, some blamed meteorologists for not accurately predicting the path of the storm.

But according to Ben Kyger, Director of Central Operations at NOAA’s College Park headquarters, weather forecasting is extremely difficult.

“You’ve got major patterns in the atmosphere, like the jet stream, but you’ve also got little eddies, little currents, little things happening all over the place,” he said. “All these little changes are interacting with each other, continuously, all day long. So if you look at it from above, from a satellite, you see the atmosphere moving and churning in big ways and little ways.”

Oceans, he says, are another factor because they closely interact with the atmosphere and have a huge effect on storms. In order to improve reliability of its forecasts, NOAA spent about $20 million on two new supercomputers that started building models of the weather patterns on July 25.

“These computers generate the initial model guidance that the whole forecast process depends on, for all the weather information that you see, with snowstorms, tornadoes, hurricanes, how hot it’s going to be today — all of your weather forecasts start with what comes off of these supercomputers,” he said.

While the computational power needed to analyze data from weather satellites, ground stations and other sources is enormous, human brainpower and experience remains crucial to accurately predicting temperature, air pressure, humidity and wind speed.

According to Kyger, meteorologists at the National Centers for Environmental Prediction scan the same data the supercomputers get before issuing a forecast.

“They look at lots of different models, assess that and create the five-day forecast,” he said. “They have a lot of scientific and subjective knowledge from doing it year after year. They know where the models are strong, where they’re weak and they give us significantly better forecasts than the models would do by themselves.”

NOAA issues worldwide forecasts every six hours each day of the year. Access is free — a benefit to countries that cannot afford their own weather service. NOAA has planned upgrades for its weather-predicting supercomputers set for 2015.

Crop Pests, Diseases Move to Higher Latitudes

Crop Pests, Diseases Move to Higher Latitudes

Warmer conditions brought on by climate change are producing more hospitable environments for pests such as the emerald ash borer

Warmer conditions brought on by climate change are producing more hospitable environments for pests such as the emerald ash borer

Insects and diseases that attack food crops are moving to higher latitudes as climate change alters their habitats, according to a new study published in Nature Climate Change.

With the bulk of the world’s agricultural production today taking place in the temperate zones, the study raises questions about future food security in a warming world.

Plant diseases alone claim an estimated 10 to 16 percent of the world’s crops in the field, experts say, and destroy another 6 to 12 percent after harvest.

Meanwhile, research has shown wild plants and animals are moving toward the poles as the planet gets warmer.

And the U.S. Department of Agriculture is adjusting northward its map of zones suitable for growing certain crops.

“That got us thinking,” said biologist Dan Bebber at the University of Exeter in Britain. “Is a similar process occurring with pests and pathogens that attack our agricultural crops?”

Hundreds of pests

To find out, Bebber turned to reports of first sightings of new insects and diseases around the world. The data came from the agriculture research organization CABI, which began collecting the information from developing and industrialized countries about a century ago and now tracks hundreds of pests and pathogens around the world.

Bebber and his colleagues studied 612 of them – from viruses and bacteria to beetles and butterflies – and found that since 1960, they had shifted toward the poles at an average rate of about 3 kilometers per year.

That puts some of the most productive farmland in the world in danger.

“As new species of pests and diseases evolve and potentially the environment for them becomes more amenable at higher latitudes, the pressure on the breadbaskets of the world is going to increase,” Bebber said.

Invasive hospitality

Farmers have other emerging threats to deal with, as well. Invasive species introduced through global trade and mobility also are a threat to crops. Entomologist Gene Kritsky at Ohio’s College of Mount St. Joseph said climate change may make the environment more hospitable for some invasive species.

“It means that species in other parts of the world that might do well in warmer temperatures can now do well in the breadbasket of America.”

Kritsky was not involved in the research, but said it confirms what he’s seen in the field. He added that more species will be able to survive the winters at higher latitudes as temperatures increase.

‘We should do something’

Entomologist Christian Krupke at Purdue University in Indiana pointed out that the effects of these shifts will depend very much on the crop, the pest and the disease.

But he said that the research is another warning sign of what may be in store for the future.

“I think a lot of these papers are all pointing in the same direction that are all saying, ‘OK, we should care about climate change. We should do something other than zero,’” he said.

Hubble Spots ‘Cosmic Caterpillar’

Hubble Spots ‘Cosmic Caterpillar’

The "cosmic caterpillar," called IRAS 20324+4057, is a protostar in a very early evolutionary stage.

The “cosmic caterpillar,” called IRAS 20324+4057, is a protostar in a very early evolutionary stage.

The Hubble space telescope has spotted what astronomers are calling a “cosmic caterpillar.”

The object, called IRAS 20324+4057, is actually a light-year-long knot of interstellar gas and dust scientists call a “protostar.” They said the object is “in a very early evolutionary stage.”

According to the Hubble website, harsh winds from extremely bright stars are blasting ultraviolet radiation and sculpting the gas and dust into the long shape.

Those bright stars are 65 of the hottest known to exist, classified as O-type stars. They are located 15 light-years away from IRAS 20324+4057, toward the right edge of the image.

These stars, along with 500 that are less bright but still highly luminous B-type stars, make up what is called the Cygnus OB2 Association. Collectively, scientists say the Association is thought to have a mass more than 30,000 times that of our Sun.

Protostars in this region should eventually become young stars, the scientists say,  with final masses about one to 10 times that of the Sun. But if the radiation from the nearby bright stars destroys the gas envelope before the protostars finish collecting mass, their final masses may be reduced.

Spectroscopic observations of the central star within IRAS 20324+4057 show that it is still collecting material quite heavily from its outer envelope and is expected to bulk up in mass. Scientists studying the Hubble data say that it is too early to say whether the new star would be a “heavy-weight” or a “light-weight” star with respect to its mass.

This image of IRAS 20324+4057 is a composite of Hubble Advanced Camera for Surveys data taken in 2006, and ground-based data from the Isaac Newton Telescope in 2003. The object lies 4,500 light-years away in the constellation Cygnus.

Mega Canyon Discovered in Greenland

Mega Canyon Discovered in Greenland

A massive canyon has been discovered beneath the Greenland ice.

A massive canyon has been discovered beneath the Greenland ice.

Scientists have discovered a massive canyon hidden almost two kilometers under Greenland’s ice cap.

The canyon is at least 750 kilometers long and,according to the U.S. space agency, NASA, has the characteristics of a winding river channel. In some places the canyon is 800 meters deep, which is on a similar scale as the Grand Canyon.

NASA says the canyon was made before the ice formed over much of Greenland.

“One might assume that the landscape of the Earth has been fully explored and mapped,” said Jonathan Bamber, professor of physical geography at the University of Bristol in Britain and lead author of the study. “Our research shows there’s still a lot left to discover.”

Using radar data collected over decades, NASA and researchers from Britain and Germany were able to piece together the landscape of the canyon. A large portion of this data was collected from 2009 through 2012 by NASA’s Operation IceBridge, an airborne science program studying polar ice.

One instrument in particular, the Multichannel Coherent Radar Depth Sounder, can see through massive amounts of ice to the bedrock below. The canyon appears to extend from almost the center of the island and ends beneath the Petermann Glacier fjord in northern Greenland.

Researchers think that before Greenland was covered in ice – some 4 million years ago – water flowed through the canyon as part of a massive river system. Now, researchers say the canyon “plays an important role in transporting sub-glacial melt water from the interior of Greenland to the edge of the ice sheet into the ocean.”

“It is quite remarkable that a channel the size of the Grand Canyon is discovered in the 21st century below the Greenland ice sheet,” said Michael Studinger, IceBridge project scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. “It shows how little we still know about the bedrock below large continental ice sheets.”

Bamber’s team published its findings Thursday in the journal Science.

Life Expectancy Gap Widens Between Women in Rich and Poor Countries

Life Expectancy Gap Widens Between Women in Rich and Poor Countries

Life Expectancy Gap Widens Between Women in Rich and Poor Countries

Life Expectancy Gap Widens Between Women in Rich and Poor Countries

GENEVA — The World Health Organization reports women aged 50 and older globally are healthier now than they were 20 and 30 years ago.   But while women’s health has improved, a new WHO study finds the gap in life expectancy is widening between older women in rich and poor countries.

The World Health Organization reports heart disease and stroke and cancers are the leading causes of death of women aged 50 years and older worldwide.  But, it notes these deaths occur at earlier ages in the developing countries.

The study is one of the first to analyze the causes of death of women aged 50 and more from a range of rich and poor countries.  It finds many of these women are meeting an early death because they live in countries that lack the money and resources to prevent, detect and treat non-communicable diseases.

The head of the WHO Mortality and Burden of Disease Unit, Colin Mathers, says developed countries have the health systems and means to reduce and control cardiovascular problems.  He tells VOA screening and treatment programs also are successfully reducing the incidence of breast and cervix cancers.

He notes cervical cancer is one of the leading cancers in African women.  He says the illness is largely preventable, but African countries have fewer resources to treat it.

“There is simply not enough money to provide high quality health care to everyone that is accessible.  And, also a matter of human resources, that there often are not enough trained doctors and nurses and other health professionals in the country.  And, that is made worse by the brain drain where African nurses can migrate to high-income countries to get jobs in their health systems and so some of the training that is done in developing countries ends up not benefiting them,” he said.

Dr. Mathers says donors give relatively little money toward the problem of non-communicable diseases in African countries because they tend to focus on reducing maternal mortality.  While this is understandable, he notes maternal mortality rates are going down substantially.  At the same time, he says death rates among older women are going up, so it is time for donors to rethink their priorities.

Thanks to improvements in health, the Study finds women over 50, on average, have gained 3.5 years in life expectancy over the past 20 years.  It notes older women in Germany and Japan now can expect to live to 84 and 88 years respectively and women in many other developed countries can expect to live to age 83 or 84.

The report says life expectancy for women in the poorer countries is about 10 years less.  It notes women in Eastern Europe also die at an earlier age because of high rates of cardiovascular disease, accidents, and high alcohol consumption.

Dr. Mathers says major risk factors for older women include smoking, the harmful use of alcohol, overweight and obesity.

“Many of the problems faced by older women start earlier in life.  So, smoking for example-people typically develop the habit at earlier ages.  So, it is not only about intervening in older years-improving conditions and education and providing information to younger people can ultimately assist in improving health at older ages as well,” he said.

The World Health Organization says the epidemic of chronic diseases can be reversed with available cost-effective ways to address common non-communicable diseases.  These include prevention, early diagnosis and management of high blood pressure, obesity and high cholesterol.

The study says inexpensive and simple tests for the screening and early detection of cervical cancer can save many lives.

Researchers Identified Protein Linked to Circadian Rhythm

Researchers Identified Protein Linked to Circadian Rhythm

Researchers have identified a protein that is involved in the body’s internal 24-hour clock, known as the circadian rhythm. The protein, however, appears to get disrupted in shift workers and those experiencing jet lag.

Interruptions in the circadian rhythm make it difficult for some individuals to sleep when they are supposed to do so. Shift workers and people who fly across different time zones are especially vulnerable. Sleep is frequently disrupted until the workers adjust to a late night schedule or travelers to the new time zone. Experts say the process can take days or weeks, causing fatigue, indigestion, and poor cognitive performance, in addition to sleep disruption.

An international team of British and American researchers identified the protein, SIK1, which is involved in the body’s response to daylight. About 100 genes are switched on, signaling it is time to wake up after a night’s sleep. SIK1, however, can interfere with the body’s ability to adapt with that process.

When researchers blocked the activity of SIK1 in a group of laboratory mice whose 24-hour clock was disrupted, the animals adjusted faster to changes in the light-dark cycle.

Scientists believe it now may be possible to develop a drug that helps shift workers and travelers recover sooner from disruptions of their circadian rhythms so they can get a good night’s rest.

An article on the body’s 24-hour internal clock in published in the journal Cell.

Statins Could Extend Life

Statins Could Extend Life

photo shows 40 milligram tablets of Lipitor, one kind of statin used for lowering blood cholesterol, in Glen Rock, New Jersey.

photo shows 40 milligram tablets of Lipitor, one kind of statin used for lowering blood cholesterol, in Glen Rock, New Jersey.

Statins, long prescribed to those with high cholesterol, may actually prevent aging and extend lifespan, according to new research in the September 2013 issue of The FASEB Journal.

The research indicates that statins reduce the speed at which telomeres shorten, a key factor in the aging process. A telomere is a region of DNA strand at the end of a chromosome that protects the end of the chromosome from deterioration.

“Statins may represent a new molecular switch able to slow down senescent [aging] cells in our tissues and be able to lead healthy lifespan extension,” said Giuseppe Paolisso, M.D., Ph.D., a researcher involved in the work from the Department of Internal Medicine, Surgical, Neurological Metabolic Disease and Geriatric Medicine at Second University of Naples in Naples, Italy.

Researchers worked with two volunteer groups to test statins’ effects on telomeres. One group was under statin therapy, while the second group did not use the drugs. The group using statins had higher telomerase activity in their white blood cells, which was associated with less shortening of the telomeres.

The researchers say higher telomerase activation prevents the excessive accumulation of short telomeres.

“The great thing about statins is that they reduce risks for cardiovascular disease significantly and are generally safe for most people. The bad thing is that statins do have side effects, like muscle injury,” said Gerald Weissmann, M.D., editor-in-chief of The FASEB Journal. “But if it is confirmed that statins might actually slow aging itself—and not just the symptoms of aging—then statins are much more powerful drugs than we ever thought.”

University of Health Sciences UHS Lahore Symposium on Depression

University of Health Sciences UHS Lahore Symposium on Depression

Rawalpindi: Depression is one of the most common mental disorders worldwide, said Major General (r) Muhammad Aslam, vice chancellor of the University of Health Sciences, Lahore, at an inaugural session of 5th National Symposium on Depression held at Pearl Continental Hotel here on Saturday, says a press release.
The symposium was organised by Pakistan Psychiatric Society (PPS) in collaboration with Department of Psychiatry Rawal Institute of Medical Sciences, Pakistan Medical Association and Psychiatric Welfare Association, Lahore.
Depression is a serious health condition affecting millions of people each year. The total cost in human suffering is impossible to estimate. Depression often impairs many aspects of our everyday lives and affects not only those who are depressed, but also those who care about the depressed person.

He added that some of the more common factors involved in depression are Family history, Trauma and stress, Pessimistic personality, physical conditions and other psychological disorders.

Lt Gen (r) Karamat A Karamat, principal & dean of Rawal Institute of Medical urged the need of two months compulsory training of Psychiatry for all doctors. Khaqan Waheed Khawaja, chief executive of Rawal Institute of Medical Sciences on the occasion said that several international and national mental health organisations have been providing educational, academic, research trainings and crisis intervention.

Chairman Organising Committee and Vice President of PPS Dr Mazhar Malik said the platform of PPS various CME programmes are being organised in the country addressing common psychiatric disorders for primary care physicians. PPS ex-president Professor Dr. M Riaz Bhatti also shared their views with the participants. PPS Secretary General Dr Syed Aslam Shah brief about the upcoming activities of the Pakistan Psychiatric Society.

Over 200 doctors, medical students and representatives of pharmaceutical firms attended the inaugural session of the symposium.

Korean Ambassador Visited Pir Mehr Ali Shah-Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi PMAS-AAUR

Korean Ambassador Visited Pir Mehr Ali Shah-Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi PMAS-AAUR

Rawalpindi:The Ambassador, of the Republic of Korea Dr. Jong Hwan Song, expressed that Government of Korea would do its best to enhance the development of Pakistan and the friendship relations between the two nations in the spirit of cooperation and goodwill.
He said this while addressing as a chief guest at the workshop “Saemaul Undong (the New Village) Movement” at Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi here on Friday.
On the occasion, University’s Vice Chancellor Prof. Dr. Rai Niaz Ahmad, Korean International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) Director General Mr. Sung Choonki, Director KOICA Mr. Je-Ho Yeon, Expert on Saemaul Undong Movement Mr. Jeon Hae Hwang, KOICA Coordinator Mohsin Khan, Koica Program Officer Miss Seo GaEul and University faculty members were also present.
Korean Ambassador said that the Government and people of Pakistan can make another success story by following the Korean model of Saemaul Undong Movement and principles for sustainable economic development.
While talking about Korea he informed that in 1970s, agriculture in Korea contributed 50% to the Korean industry and the per capita income of Korea was nearly 257 US Dollars. On that time visionary late President Mr. Park Chung-Heerealized the situation and started “Saemaul Undong Movement” emphasizing on economic and social reforms as the key priorities of the state. He encouraged the farmers to fight against poverty and hunger and to work for their own welfare. The Ambassador informed that through this movement, after 43 years Korean per capita income raised to 23, 000 US Dollars and Korea emerged as a strong economy in the world.
Dr. Jong Hwan Song emphasized the former KOICA funded project “Establishment of Pak-Korea Capacity Building Center at PMAS-AAUR” is directly linked to “Saemaul Undong Movement” for the uplifting of farming community of Pakistan and providing them an opportunity to use advance technologies in agriculture, forestry and livestock production. He believes that PMAS-AAUR could play a significant role to disseminate the “Saemaul Undong Movement” in the rural areas of Pakistan. He hoped that this movement would play a fundamental role to develop and revitalize the rural areas, as well as to strength the partnership between both the countries.
The Korean Ambassador further stated that the good working relationship with PMAS-AAAUR, will set the tone for better cooperation in the future till the success of our joint project. The Embassy of Republic of Korea and KOICA will continue to participate actively with the aim of making PMAS-AAUR and Pakistan more developed and peaceful, he added.
Earlier, PMAS-AAUR Vice Chancellor, Prof. Dr. Rai Niaz Ahmad welcome the Ambassador, of Korea Dr. Jong Hwan Song & other KOICA officials and gave a detailed briefing on the educational, research and extension programmes of the university and its future plans.
In his address, Dr. Rai Niaz Ahmad indicated that KOICA project will greatly contribute to the capacity building initiatives for farming community taken by the PMAS-AAUR through training. He further stated that this will also helpful to Pakistani experts to enhance their skills and competencies in the required disciplines.
He also expressed that a comprehensive strategy has been devised in order to solve the field problems in the agriculture and livestock sectors, which have immense potential for development. The KOICA center will have a positive transformative effect on Pakistan’s economy and will assist in alleviating the poverty, he added. He believes that academic collaboration can make an important contribution to uplift the socio-economic condition of developing countries like Pakistan if it is developed and delivered responsibly and effectively.
The Vice Chancellor informed the participants that University is currently launching a comprehensive community service program to not only provide the routine conventional extension services but it will also assure to practically involve the university students and researchers for guidance and demonstrations to the farmers. New technological advancements, improved methods and interactive approach will be introduced to enhance the productivity at the farm level, he added.
He further added that to provide quality vegetable seeds, certified nurseries and management techniques to the farmers, the University is undertaking a massive program of vegetable nursery rising through advanced interventions of controlled atmosphere. This nurseries plant would be available round the year as and when required by the farmers.
University is actively playing its role to bring together various stake holders of the agriculture sector consisting of farmers, agro-based industries, different wings of agricultural department, universities and research institutes under one umbrella to achieve the common goal, a very effective and result oriented approach for the development of agriculture in the country, the Vice Chancellor said.
Korean ambassador, Dr. Jong Hwan Song, KOICA officials and PMAS-AAUR, Vice Chancellor, Prof. Dr. Rai Niaz Ahmad also planted a trees at University campus. University’s Vice Chancellor also presented a shield to the Korean Ambassador and souvenir to KOICA officials.

Scholarships announced for journalists – Higher Education Commission (HEC)

Scholarships announced for journalists – Higher Education Commission (HEC)

ISLAMABAD: The Higher Education Commission (HEC) has announced PhD scholarships for journalists from FATA under its project “Provision of Higher Education Opportunities for students of Balochistan and FATA”.

According to an HEC official, the working journalists of FATA can apply for PhD scholarship in the field of journalism.

The scholarships will be awarded to those who have secured admission in an HEC-recognised university in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.

To a question, the official said the applicant’s age should be no more than 35 years as on September 24 and he/she should be working as a journalist having domicile of FATA. Applicants’ academic qualification should be Masters in Journalism or equivalent with not more than two second divisions and not less than 50 percent marks throughout the academic record, he added.

Can brushing teeth fight a cancer-causing virus?

Can brushing teeth fight a cancer-causing virus?

LAHORE: People whose teeth and gums are in poor condition may be more susceptible to an oral virus that can cause certain mouth and throat cancers, a new study suggests. Researchers found that of more than 3,400 US adults, those who rated their oral health as “poor” to “fair” were more likely to have an oral infection with human papillomavirus (HPV), which, in certain cases, can eventually lead to cancer. Overall, 10 percent of people with tooth or gum disease tested positive for oral HPV. That compared with 6.5 percent of those who rated their dental health as “good” to “excellent.” The results, reported Aug. 21 in the journal Cancer Prevention Research, do not actually prove that diseased teeth and gums cause HPV infection. “We don’t know if poor oral health led to the HPV infection,” said Christine Markham, one of the researchers on the study. Her team tried to account for other factors that could affect dental health or the odds of having HPV – such as smoking or multiple oral sex partners. And poor oral health was still linked to a 56 percent increase in the risk of having oral HPV. But there could be other explanations for the connection, and more research is needed, said Markham, an associate professor at the University of Texas Health Science Centre in Houston. Still, she said, there are already plenty of reasons to take care of your teeth and gums. “Good oral health care is important for your health in general,” Markham said. This study just offers some more incentive, she added. HPV, which can cause genital and anal warts, is the most commonly transmitted sexual infection in the United States. Usually, the immune system clears the infection, but in some cases the virus persists in the body. And persistent infection with certain HPV strains can eventually lead to cancer – with cervical cancer the best known. HPV can also invade the mouth during oral sex. Those infections usually cause no symptoms, but a lingering infection with a cancer-linked strain can lead to oropharyngeal cancer, which affects the back of the throat, base of the tongue and tonsils. It’s a rare cancer, but cases tied to HPV are on the rise in the United States. No one knows why. It’s already known that poor oral hygiene is tied to a heightened risk of oropharyngeal cancer, even when smoking and heavy drinking – two big risk factors for the cancer – are taken into account.

YDA offers free-of-cost software for govt hospitals

YDA offers free-of-cost software for govt hospitals

LAHORE: Young Doctors Association (YDA) has offered to provide free-of-cost software to Punjab government which is prepared to computerised data of thousands of patients visiting emergency wards in 23 teaching hospitals.

These views were expressed by YDA office bearers during media briefing on Sunday. YDA leader Dr Salman Kazmi said the software was made by a graduate of King Edward Medical University Dr Rizwan, and added that previously millions of rupees had been wasted on such projects and now it was a need of the hour to run emergency slip computerisation project. He said the software would help upload data of the diseases of various patients. He further the software was Internet-based and would provide the exact figures that how many patients of gastro, measles, dengue, and other communicable diseases as well as road accidents, or any kind of injuries, suicide and burns incidents were present in the emergency ward.

University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (UVAS) Lahore diploma in food safety, control abolished

University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (UVAS) Lahore diploma in food safety, control abolished

LAHORE: A one-year postgraduate diploma in food safety and control launched by the University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (UVAS) in collaboration with USAID, UNIDO and Eurpean Union (EU), was abolished after it failed to achieve targets.

The UVAS had launched a one-year postgraduate diploma but could not achieve required goals due to which the Food and Nutrition Department decided to abolish it.

The purpose of the diploma was to establish a food inspector training hub at the university as well as improving export market access for Pakistan food products though skilled manpower.

There is a dearth of food inspectors and at least 3,600 food inspectors were expected in the job market through postgraduate diploma which could not be completed successfully.