History of King Edward Medical University (KEMU) or King Edward Medical College KEMC, Lahore (Page 3)

Published on September 1, 2009 at 11:55 am

History of King Edward Medical University (KEMU) or King Edward Medical College KEMC, Lahore (Page 3)

The first group of students from the North western Province was admitted in 1864. As the production of Sub-Assistant Surgeons was expected to outstrip the demand by the Punjab Government, half the scholarships for the English class were earmarked for students from the North Western Province.

Dr. T.E. Burton Brown, the Principal in 1875, had for some time been pressing for a new school building, but the government replied with their usual answer of lack of funds to do so . This was in spite of the contribution of the School towards the welfare of the government by producing 52 Assistant Surgeons and 215 Hospital Assistants for government service. The public and the government were conscious of the performance of the School and the esteem in which it was held, but this did not stop the Lieutenant Governor from charging the graduates with a lack of refinement and their behavior towards the patients being” not kindly and considerate”, though he could not find fault with their medical training.

A class for training Civil Hospital Assistants to serve under the government was an important addition to the school. Eight students joined in 1879. The Nawab of Bahawalpur instituted the Grey Scholarship worth RS. 10,000 in honour of Major Grey, a former Political Agent of Bahawalpur.

A continuous supply of graduates to the Armed Forces started with 15 fresh Assistant Surgeons volunteering for military duty with the Kabul Forces in 1882. The same year, a Midwifery class for ‘dais’ was started. In 1883, this class had only two Muslims out of a total of 20 midwives; the English class had eight Muslim in a class of 61 in 1883, and 12 Muslims out of 82 in 1885. The dropout rate in 1883 was 16% in the English class and 24% in the Hindustani class. This led to the prescription of more stringent tests for admission.

The first building of the Medical School was built in the same style as the Mayo Hospital. it was completed in 1883. The next year, a nursing class was also started. Women students were allowed to register for regular courses in the same class as men for the first time.

J.E. Hilton Executive Engineer, Lahore designed and constructed a new dissection room in 1887. Student’s debating society was formed. Staff and students read and discussed medical and scientific papers. Prizes were awarded for essay writing.
The Marchioness of Dufferin and Anna inaugurated the Lady Aitchison Hospital and distributed prizes, Students admitted into the Indian Medical Service, demonstrating the School’s increasing recognition. Four Assistant Surgeons had been previously admitted.

Lt. Col. S.A. Browne 1889-1903

The Punjab University, was formally created on the 14th of October; 1882 . It had a Faculty of Medicine to function as a body to hold examination and confer diplomas and degrees upon graduates of the Medical School.

This institution came to be known as the Lahore Medical College in 1886. Till 1887, The University awarded the diploma of Licentiate in Medicine to candidates graduating through the English class for western medical science. Students studied for the title of Hakim Haziq , Umdat ul Hukama, Zubdat ul Hukama under the Unani system, in the vernacular. Under the Ayurvedic system, the titles were Vaida’ Bhishak, and Maha Bhishak. In May 1888, however, the 28 Unani and 8 Vedic system students were transferred with their teachers to the Medical School. Their numbers continued to diminish. The end of 1898 brought another migration for them, to the Islamia and DAV Colleges respectively. This left the Lahore Medical College with only students studying the western medical sciences.

The first College Day was held in the college library on the 5th. of November, 1888. The Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab presided.

The Faculty of Medicine prepared a series of Regulations for the Bachelor and Doctor of Medicine degree examinations. The First degrees were conferred in 1891, when the title of the inferior diploma was changed the Licentiate in Medicine and Surgery. Miss. H. Connor was the first woman student to pass the final examination of the Licentiate in medicine and surgery of the Punjab University, in 1889, but she had only a few more months to live. In November, lady Landsdowne laid the foundations of Lady Lyall’s Home, a new hostel for 30 women students.

An outstanding student of the College was Muhammad Abdul Ghani; admitted after his BA from the Punjab University, who compiled a Botany test while a student in medical college and was recommended for the Gilchrist scholarship. That year, 1890, lady Lyall’s Home was completed. Mrs. Hammond was the first lady Superintendent.

Two alumni of this institution joined the Indian Medical Service after successful completion of advanced studies in England. They were placed 3rd and 14th. on the merit list of 14 successful candidates out of 45 applicants for the Service.

To cater for the increasing numbers of students, 322 in 1892, an additional Professor for the Chair of Materia Medica and Pathology was appointed by the Secretary of State for India. There were now eight professor compared to 14 in the Calcutta college. The Anatomy museum was granted RS. 1000.

Lt. Col. F.F. Perry 1903-1908

It was noted that the pass percentage in annual examinations had greatly decreased. According to the Principals report for 1893-94, the causes were

( a ) deficient preliminary education:

(b) inadequate numerical strength of College teachers

(c) a defective educational system.

Changes in the professional staff in 1895 led to a fall in the number of students clearing the clinical subjects. Written examinations were conducted by professors from other medical colleges in the country. It was suggested that internal examiners play a greater part in the assessment of the students’ performance. The University required•• candidates to secure at least 50% marks to pass the examinations, rendering the process a mechanical test ability. Furthermore many students failed the tests by only one mark.

The general public and other students were also disturbed with the university’s record, since an increment in the number of failures could be seen in all the examinations of the University and not the medical ones alone. Consensus said that examinations at all stages were too difficult for a ” youth of ordinary ability”, though he be well taught. The results, it was said, were not comparable with those of other universities as the passing mark was higher in the Punjab, markedly so for the higher examination, whereas the standard of question papers fluctuated greatly. The government decided to lower the standard and bring it at par with the other Indian Universities to allow more students to pass. However, as the entrance examination was considered an inappropriate criterion to judge the academic suitability of students in a milieu where education was not sufficiently advanced, the next year the University Senate decided upon the Intermediate examination in Arts as the minimum entrance requirement, to be effected from 1897. This would prompt an increase in the pass percentage and raise standards, albeit there was a temporary decrease in the number of students on the rolls.

A building housing the Post- mortem theatre and a small two room Pathology laboratory was built in 1895.

During the last five years of the 1800’s the minimum entrance requirement for the Assistant Surgeon for the Assistant Surgeon class was raised to the intermediate Science or the First Arts examinations. A preliminary scientific examination was instituted for the second year of this class. Also a class was started for the training of selected Ward Orderlies.

At the turn of the century, a College for university degree and diploma courses and a School for Health Assistants could be discerned under the blanket of this institution. A class for compounders was started in April 1901. In the College department, 55 students received scholarships from the Punjab government, governments of the North western and Central Provinces, Municipal committee and duffer in Funds, In the School department, 170 received stipends. RS.l 00,000 were finally sanctioned for a hostel.

With the official affiliation of the College with the Punjab University in 1906, the primary science teaching was transferred to the Government College, relieving the Professor of Anatomy and Physiology of a heavy burden. The concomitant revision of Medical Regulations and updating by the University increased the strain on the staff with a resultant addition of the following during 1908-09:-

Professor of Pathology
Professor of Midwifery and diseases of women.
Professor of Ophthalmic Surgery and Disease of the Ear, Nose &Throat.
Assistant to the Professor of Medicine.

Assistant to the Professor of Materia Medica Assistant to the Professor of Physiology.
Meanwhile, in spite of rising expenditure, there had been a fall in the number of students and a sustained low pass percentage in examinations. The differing viewpoints of the academicians and the bureaucrats regarding the function and problems of this institution can been seen in the correspondence between the Inspector General of Hospitals and the Principal. The former had expressed apprehension at the low pass percentage from both the College and the School, resulting in difficulty in filling vacancies, particularly on the military side fed by the School, and asked for measures to reverse the trend . He also questioned the efficiency of the College since expenditure had increased despite fewer students.

Note: Information provided here are for general knowledge purpose only. There is no guarantee of accuracy. For up-to-date and accurate information please visit relevant official web site.

Comments are closed.

Recently Published Articles / News Items

PakMed InfoForum contains more than 50,000 educational & biomedical articles/news items added in the recent two years making it one of the largest educational & biomedical information websites. In the following you can find the links to about 100 recently added articles or news items.

  • WHO: New Multidrug Resistant TB Treatment Could Be Game Changer
  • WHO Urges Pregnant Women to Avoid Rio Olympics
  • WHO Guidelines Aim to Help Millions of Victims of Female Genital Mutilation
  • Patient Recovering from First US Penis Transplant
  • Third Decade of LUMS: The Celebration
  • Consultative meeting on art and culture at PU ISCS
  • Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ali has assumed the charge of Vice Chancellor, Government College University Faisalabad
  • Pakistan Medical & Dental Council (PMDC) public notice to de-notify seven universities
  • Postgradute Medical Students Alert: Pakistan Medical & Dental Council PMDC
  • Students Alert: Pakistan Medical & Dental Council PMDC
  • PMDC Approves Increased Admission Seats for Medical Colleges in Punjab
  • Federation of All Pakistan Universities Academic Staff Association (FAPUASA) for redefining HEC role
  • HIV positive women can have safe offspring after treatment!
  • Scam of bogus attendances of children in schools unearthed in Rawalpindi
  • Gearing up for AIDS-free generation – – AIDS Day celebrated in Lahore
  • Young Doctors Association YDA threatens to stage street show
  • Sisters on strike against Ganga Ram Hospital Lahore Medical Superintendent MS
  • KIPS students awarded at Alhamra Lahore
  • CM takes notice of admission policy of University of Karachi
  • Five new AIDS diagnostic centres in Sindh soon in Sindh
  • Aga Khan University Examination Board hosts annual high achievers awards ceremony
  • Water contamination causes 40% deaths in urban areas: moot told
  • Sindh Culture Day on 7th December 2014
  • Chief Minister Qaim Ali Shah tells Education Department to prioritise development schemes
  • World AIDS Day today: Campaign ‘No syringe – need life’ launched
  • Forman Christian College Lahore turns 150 with varsity status
  • ‘System being improved for doctors’ rapid promotions’ in Punjab
  • Too much exercise can be a bad thing
  • Reforms in health sector top priority: Chief Secretary Punjab
  • Misbehaviour with polio workers not to be tolerated, saysPunjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif
  • Children’s Literature Festival Lahore concludes
  • The Environment Protection Foundation (TEPF) organises tree-plantation campaign: 450 students turn St Joseph School into a green campus
  • ‘Efforts being made to provide health facilities to masses’ in Punjab
  • Children’s Literature Festival Lahore: ‘Books and education can ease intolerance, extremism’
  • Three children die as school bus plunges into drain in Lahore
  • Three polio workers beaten up in Lahore
  • Children’s Literature Festival kicks off
  • Ivory Emporium to hold exhibition of vintage scarves next month
  • Work of Dr Aijaz Anwar, Anwar Ali showcased at the House of Nanna
  • 4,495 students given laptops in district Rawalpindi
  • Health department Punjab seeks 800 employees for polio campaign
  • Technical Education & Vocational Training Authority (TEVTA) offers 16 new courses of 3 to 6 months duration
  • 5 dialysis machines donated to HFH – Rawalpindi: Organisation of Graduates of Rawalpindi Medical College (RMC)
  • Bio Sciences Dept hosts Alexander von Humboldt Alumni reunion – Forman Christian College FCC University FCCU Lahore
  • Punjab University Vice Chancellor Prof Dr Mujahid Kamran stresses to value oriental languages, literature
  • Geographical Information System (GIS) students’ protest baseless: PU spokesman
  • University of the Punjab Lahore 123rd Convocation on Dec 27, 2014
  • Need to pay attention to control traffic accidents: Zulfiqar Cheema – University of the Punjab Lahore
  • Another feather in the cap of University of the Punjab Lahore: “PAKISTAN’S FIRST INTERNATIONAL PATENT” (In the field of Industrial Enzymes) Discovery of a novel and extraordinary enzyme for food industry
  • 3rd Faculty Training Program at MMG in Collaboration with LID-HEC – University of the Punjab Lahore
  • National Outreach Program (NOP) organized a seminar in collaboration with IAS (Institute of Administrative sciences) P.U on Sat 22nd November, 2014 on “Breakthrough thinking -Market Driven opportunities”
  • Change in university culture not possible without training: Punjab University Vice Chancellor Prof Dr Mujahid Kamran
  • Punjab University PU to bear expenses of injured student
  • Punjab University College of Earth and Environmental Sciences (CEES) organizes seminar
  • Punjab University Centre for South Asian Studies (CSAS) PU CSAS organizes seminar
  • World Television Day 2014 mark at Punjab University Institute of Communication Studies PU ICS
  • Hungarian Ambassador calls on Punjab University Vice Chancellor Prof Dr Mujahid Kamran
  • Punjab University Institute of Social and Cultural Studies PU ISCS organizes seminar
  • Visit of Punjab University Lahore delegation to Bielefeld University, Germany
  • Punjab University Institute of Social and Cultural Studies ISCS seminar on interview techniques
  • Punjab University Institute of Social and Cultural Studies PU ISCS organizes seminar on women harassment
  • Medical Entry Test (Entrance Test; MCAT) Answers Key for Admission to MBBS and BDS in Medical and Dental Colleges of Punjab Pakistan Administered by University of Health Sciences UHS Lahore Held on August 31, 2014
  • Result of Matric SSC-2 (Secondary School Certificate Part 2; Class 10th) Annual Examination 2014 of all Boards of Punjab Announced on July 25, 2014: Bahawalpur Board, D.G. Khan Board, Faisalabad Board, Gujranwala Board, Lahore Board, Multan Board, Rawalpindi Board, Sahiwal Board and Sargodha Board
  • Special summer classes in Rawalpindi colleges
  • Turkish contribution to education in Pakistan hailed
  • Punjab Education Foundation (PEF) providing free education to 1.5m needy students
  • AIOU to introduce PhD degree in mass communication
  • Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) organises seminar on safe blood transfusion
  • Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) to hold int’l woman and child health conference
  • HEC bailout package- Immediate bailout package for HEC sought
  • Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PMDC) asked to stop registering colleges
  • Govt universities appointments – SHC stays key appointments in govt universities
  • Sindh University launches mini hospital
  • USAID awards scholarships to Sindh students
  • Over 850 schools in Thatta, Sujawal closed
  • NEB exam must for medical graduates from Cuba:Pakistan Medical & Dental Council PM&DC PMDC
  • Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU) upgrades its website
  • Punjab University Lahore at 1,613 in world ranking, PA told
  • Groundbreaking Ceremony ofLahore University of Management Sciences LUMS Coca-Cola Aquatic Centre
  • Lahore University of Management Sciences LUMS Alumni Reunion in Australia
  • Lahore University of Management Sciences LUMS Receives Service Appreciation Award at ‘Service Punch – 2014’
  • Lahore University of Management Sciences LUMS RWES Wins Dunya TV Shadow Budget Competition
  • EO Workshop on Personal Finance for Entrepreneurs at REDC LUMS
  • Punjab University organizes special lecture on Urdu
  • Youm-e-Takbeer a memorable day: Punjab University Vice Chancellor Prof Dr Mujahid Kamran
  • Punjab University Institute of Quality & Technology Management (IQTM) organizes National Symposium
  • Punjab University Urdu Department organizes Seminar
  • IJT doing negative politics: Punjab University spokesman
  • Dengue totally under control, says minister of Punjab
  • Govt to focus on promotion of quality education: governor
  • Dengue website of Punjab gets 67,800 hits
  • All Pakistan Women’s Association (APWA) condemns stoning of pregnant woman
  • Saida Waheed College of Nursing (SWCON) of FMH observes Nurses Day
  • Medical graduates returning from Cuba land in miseries
  • ‘Favouritism’ hits Punjab University Geography Department recruitments
  • Govt of Punjab to increase education, health budgets in next fiscal
  • Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU) to launch shariah PhD, MS programmes
  • Chinese language course concludes atConfucius Institute of National University of Modern Languages (NUML)
  • Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) to start cessation clinic in first week of June
  • 76 young professionals ready to attend United States Educational Foundation in Pakistan (USEFP) scholarships
  • No Tobacco Day observed at Benazir Bhutto Hospital BBH Rawalpindi
  • Literary festival held to remember Parveen Shakir
  • Smoking kills 100,000 Pakistanis every year: Health experts for increased taxes on tobacco in budget 2014-15
  • Millions of Newborn Deaths Reported (Listen to audio report)
  • Melinda Gates Pushes to Curb Newborn Deaths
  • Melbourne Declaration Released (Listen to audio report)
  • CIA: Vaccination Programs Won’t be Used for Spying
  • WHO: Conflict, Inequality, and Economic Exclusion Threaten Health Gains
  • UN investigator: Unhealthy Food Taxes Vital to Fight Obesity
  • CSS screening test – CSS screening test ill-devised move? – Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC)
  • Summer vacation from June 1 in Punjab educational institutions
  • 500 private schools not teaching Sindhi to students: Khuhro
  • Higher Education Commission (HEC) asked to continue financial grants to universities in Sindh
  • Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology (SSUET) semester exams from May 26
  • Government College University’s Endowment Fund Trust (GCU-EFT) awards Rs 8 million scholarships to 235 students
  • Botanic Garden of Government College University GCU Lahore turns 102 years
  • REDC Holds Programme on Problem Solving and Decision Making Skills – Lahore University of Management Sciences LUMS
  • Punjab University Institute of Applied Psychology (IAP) organizes special lecture
  • Punjab University Institute of Agricultural Sciences (IAGS) 3-day International Conference concludes – International Conference on “Stress Biology & Biotechnology: Challenges & Management
  • Punjab University Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics organizes exhibition on ecosystems
  • Punjab University Institute of Communication Studies – Book on Shorish Kashmiri a source of inspiration, Dr Noshina
  • Punjab University Institute of Social & Cultural Studies (ISCS) – No society can prosper without empowering women, Dr Zakria
  • Indian delegation visits Punjab University Lahore Department of Urdu
  • Punjab University Directorate of Students Affairs organizes Bilingual Declamation Contest
  • Research on agriculture a must to feed world’s population: Punjab University Vice Chancellor Prof Dr Mujahid Kamran
  • Punjab Univreity organizes Sufiana/Arifana kalam and national songs competitions
  • Punjab University Lahore students win Team Trophy in Zestival-2014
  • Education For All EFA meeting vows to continue struggle for promotion of education
  • Mentally challenged patients abandoned by heirs – PIMH DMS says relatives do not follow up after admitting patient
  • SMS service launched for dengue awareness